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Retrieved 27 July Which has two consequences for you:. Retrieved 19 June Bulgarien ligger i den sydøstlige del af Europa på Balkan-halvøen. Mod nord grænser Bulgarien op til Rumænien, og her flyder Donau med sit skiftende farvespil og tegner den smukkeste grænse mellem de to syd grænser Bulgarien op til Grækenland og Tyrkiet, og mod vest til Makedonien og øst ligger Sortehavet. Balkanbjergene deler landet i nord og syd, med. Ang Bulgarien ngalan niining mga mosunod: Mga nasod ug dili sa bisan unsa nga nasud. 1. Mga nasod ug dili sa bisan unsa nga nasud Bulgaria, nasod, Rumanya. 1. Mga dapit nga gitawag Bulgarien . Bulgarien in Bildern публикувано на в Kalofer, der Memorialkomplex “Christo Botew” und die Kirche “Mariä Himmelfahrt” aus der Vogelperspektive. Com Find Girls Find Indian Brides Find Latin Bride Find Latin Wife Find Me A Wife Find Sex Online Find-Bride Finding A Wife findmate app finyapartnersuche. Diese sie sind einen Tick verwirrt? Er übernimmt die ETF-Auswahl, ist steuersmart, transparent und kostengünstig. Sie können nach The Big Bang Theory Spiel jeweiligen Land oder direkt nach der Währung der Ausgangs- bzw.

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Bulgarien MГјnzen
Bulgarien MГјnzen Bulgarien (bulgariska: България, Bǎlgarija), formellt Republiken Bulgarien [1] (Република България, Republika Bălgarija, uttalas [rɛˈpubliˌkə bɤlˈgarijə]), är en republik i Sydeuropa, på nordöstra delen av Balkanhalvön, som i norr gränsar mot Rumänien, i väster mot Serbien och Nordmakedonien, och i söder mot Grekland och Turkiet, och i öster har kust. Bulgarian was the first "Slavic" language attested in writing. As Slavic linguistic unity lasted into late antiquity, the oldest manuscripts initially referred to this language as языкъ словяньскъ, "the Slavic language". Bulgarien Lot No. / Bulgarien full screen view. Kursmünzensatz zu 88 Stotinki =in Originalverpackung= I. Specialist. БЪЛГАРИН - Пазител на корена има мисия да съхранява и популяризира българският фолклор и народно творчество чрез благотворителни събития и дарения. Bulgarien er km 2 stort og dermed Europas største land. De første organiserede forhistoriske kulturer i de bulgarske områder fremkom i den neolitiske æra. I løbet af antikken var området både befolket af thrakere, grækere og romere.
Bulgarien Münzen Songs are generally loud. While dancing round fires and jumping over fires forms part of many Slav customs, dancing on fire does not, and it is therefore likely that nestinarstvo was inherited by the Bulgarians from the Hellenized Thracians who inhabited the land before them. An historical geography of Europe, B. Landet blev medlem af NATO This type of garment includes the soukman and the saya and aprons that fasten at the waist that Argentinien Wm Titel also attributed to Bulgarien Münzen Slavic origin. Klippekirkerne i Ivanovo. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Faz Kreuzworträtsel Royale. Soccer Ergebnisse More. Europe and the Historical Legacies in the Balkans. The Telegraph.
Bulgarien MГјnzen 11 reasons you shouldn't date A bulgarian woman → Alles in allem, Bezahlte und kostenlose Mitglieder im Griff haben MГјnzen leer allen mГ¶glichen. BeilГ¤ufig so lange du Zoosk-MГјnzen nutzt, Damit Singles im Ringelspiel freizuschalten, brauchst du eine Premium-Mitgliedschaft, um Nachrichtensendung. Vorwarnung Gavia hat Welche MГјnzen aber keineswegs beibehalten & verlangt ungeachtet expire €! Meinereiner habe darauf Nichtens reagiert. Und müssen sagen leider überzeugen mitglieder, hig sein MГјnzen. Nicht mehr glichen selbstbestimmten programmzusammenstellung kippen, wird.
Bulgarien MГјnzen

Kon ang usa ka internal nga sumpay ang midala kanimo dinhi, palihog tabangi kami sa pag-ugmad sa Wikipedya pinaagi sa pag-edit aron modiretso sa target nga artikulo ang maong sumpay!

Mga kategoriya : Lists of coordinates Geographic coordinate lists Articles with Geo Pagklaro paghimo ni bot Pagklaro paghimo ni bot Pagklaro paghimo ni bot Mga nasod ug dili sa bisan unsa nga nasud Pagklaro paghimo ni bot Rumanya.

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Opret en rejse. Sunny Beach, Bulgarien. Sofia, Bulgarien. Golden Sands, Bulgarien. Varna, Bulgarien.

Hovedartikel: Bulgariens historie Hovedartikel: Bulgariens geografi. Hovedartikel: Bulgariens politik. Hovedartikler: Bulgariens provinser og Bulgariens kommuner.

Hovedartikel: Bulgariens udenrigspolitik. Fordelingen af sprog i Bulgarien [] Bulgarsk. Klippekirkerne i Ivanovo. Den trakiske grav i Kazanlak. Den trakiske grav i Svesjtari.

Pirin Nationalpark. Srebarna naturreservat. Placering af UNSECOs verdensarv i Bulgarien : Naturarv : Kulturarv. International Monetary Fund.

Hentet Eurostat Data Explorer. HDRO Human Development Report Office United Nations Development Programme.

BBC News. Hentet 8. Monuments of the final phase of Cultures Hamangia and Savia on the territory of Bulgaria PDF. Revista Pontica.

Fragmentation in Archaeology: People, Places, and Broken Objects. Department of Prehistory and Europe, British Museum. This is demonstrated most spectacularly in the various objects adorning the burials at Varna, Bulgaria Renfrew ; Highamet al.

In contrast, the earliest gold objects found in Southwest Asia date only to the beginning of the fourth millennium BC as at Nahal Qanah in Israel Golden , suggesting that gold exploitation may have been a Southeast European invention, albeit a short-lived one.

History of Humanity: From the Third Millennium to the Seventh Century BC. The first major gold-working centre was situated at the mouth of the Danube, on the shores of the Black Sea in Bulgaria Gems and gemstones: Timeless natural beauty of the mineral world.

The University of Chicago Press. The oldest known gold jewelry in the world is from an archaeological site in Varna Necropolis, Bulgaria, and is over 6, years old radiocarbon dated between 4,BC and 4,BC.

Government of France. Hentet 4. The Necropolis at Varna is an important site in understanding this culture.

United States Central Command. Arkiveret fra originalen The Cambridge Ancient History - part1: The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC.

Cambridge University Press. Yet we cannot identify the Thracians at that remote period, because we do not know for certain whether the Thracian and Illyrian tribes had separated by then.

It is safer to speak of Proto-Thracians from whom there developed in the Iron Age Making Europe: The Story of the West 2 udgave.

Cengage Learning. The Birth of Classical Europe: A History from Troy to Augustine. Penguin UK. Brendan Readings in Greek History: Sources and Interpretations.

Oxford University Press. The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Shortly afterwards the first King of the Odrysae, Teres attempted to carve an empire out of the territory occupied by the Thracian tribes Thuc.

ESSENTIAL HISTORY OF BULGARIA IN SEVEN PAGES. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. In particular, in the mid-4th century a group of Goths settled in the region of Nikopolis ad Istrum present Nikyup near Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria , where their leader Bishop Wulfila Ulfilas invented the Gothic alphabet and translated the Holy Bible into Gothic to produce the first book written in Germanic language.

Language History, Language Change and Language Relationship: an introduction to historical and comparative linguistics. Angelov Byzantium and Bulgaria.

Studia Slavico-Byzantina et Mediaevalia Europensia. History of the First Bulgarian Empire. Period of Hunnic-Bulgarian domination bulgarsk.

A History of the First Bulgarian Empire. Bell and Sons. Although Boris's baptism was into the Eastern church, he subsequently wavered between Rome and Constantinople until the latter was persuaded to grant de facto autonomy to Bulgaria in church affairs.

Bulgaria's conversion had a political dimension, for it contributed both to the growth of central authority and to the merging of Bulgars and Slavs into a unified Bulgarian people.

No single act did more, in the long run, to weld Christian Slav and Proto-Bulgar into a Bulgarian people than the conversion of Under Simeon's successors Bulgaria was beset by internal dissension provoked by the spread of Bogomilism a dualist religious sect and by assaults from Magyars, Pechenegs, the Rus, and Byzantines.

Temple Smith. Synopsis Historiarum. Corpus Fontium Byzantiae Historiae Hans Thurn udgave. Rebels and adventurers in medieval Bulgaria bulgarsk.

And, in the Spring of , "the party of capitulation" prevailed and Basil II freely entered the then capital of Bulgaria Ochrid.

History of the Byzantine State. Rutgers University Press. The Byzantines. Blackwell Publishing. Hentet 9. The capital Tarnovo became a political, economic, cultural and religious centre seen as 'the third Rome' in contrast to Constantinople's decline after the Byzantine heartland in Asia Minor was lost to the Turks during the late 11th century.

Library of Congress Mongolia country study. With the capture of a rump Bulgarian kingdom centred at Bdin Vidin in , the last remnant of Bulgarian independence disappeared.

The Bulgarian nobility was destroyed—its members either perished, fled, or accepted Islam and Turkicization—and the peasantry was enserfed to Turkish masters.

Geschichte der Bulgaren tysk. Europe and the Historical Legacies in the Balkans. Peter Lang Publishers. There were almost no remnants of a Bulgarian ethnic identity; the population defined itself as Christians, according to the Ottoman system of millets, that is, communities of religious beliefs.

The first attempts to define a Bulgarian ethnicity started at the beginning of the 19th century. Nationalism, globalization, and orthodoxy: the social origins of ethnic conflict in the Balkans.

Greenwood Publishing Group. Modern Bulgaria. Hentet 2. Religion and Power in Europe: Conflict and Convergence. Edizioni Plus. World Fascism: A historical encyclopedia.

The samovili are spirits in Bulgarian beliefs are the diseases themselves and punish people, kidnap shepherds, make blind the people or drown them and are in white colored dress, they are in odd numbers, which suggest they are ones of the "dead".

The elm is believed to scare the evil forces. Sacral trees in Bulgarian beliefs are beeches and oaks. The tradition forbids killing of sacred animals - deer, while it is hold a belief the samodivi runaway from horse.

The alleged as "unclean" animals resembling the devil such as the goat are, however, exempted from being eaten as the holy ones.

The zmey is transhuman and can turn "into" animals, plants and items, he is also "responsible" for diseases, madness and missing women. The girls who practiced Lazaruvane and other rituals "could not" be kidnapped by the zmey.

The main enemy of the Sun is the zmey, which tries to eat the Sun, which scene is preserved in church art. Mora in Bulgarian beliefs is a black hairy evil spirit with four firing eyes associated with nightmares when causing someone to scream, similarly to Kikimora.

Polunoshtnitsa and Poludnica are believed to be evil spirits causing death, while to Lesnik , Domovnik and Vodnik a dualistic nature is attributed.

Kuma Lisa and Hitar Petar are the tricky fox and villager from the fairy tales, the tricked antagonist is often Nasreddin Hoca , whereas Bay Ganyo is a ridiculed Bulgarian villager.

Ivancho and Mariika are the protagonists of the jokes. The Slavic language was officialized at the same time with Christianity, so Slavic paganism has never been a state religion of Bulgaria or more influential than Tengriism.

Most of Bulgarian land lack any pagan archeology left from the Bulgars, despite early Christianization and that during most of the pagan period medieval Bulgarian borders spread significantly only in today's northern Bulgaria.

Although legacy indicating ancient Bulgar culture is at most virtually absent in modern Bulgarian culture, some authors claim there is a similarity between the dress and customs of the Chuvashes , who descend from the Volga Bulgars , and the Bulgarian ethnographic group Kapantsi from Targovishte Province and Razgrad Province , among whom the claim that they are direct descendants of Asparukh 's Bulgars is popular.

The Bulgarian folk costumes feature long white robes, usually with red embrdoiery and ornaments derived from the Slavic Rachenik. The Bulgarian folk costume is considered to be mainly derived from the dress of the ancient Slavs , the female dress with the overgarments joined at the shoulders that evolved from Sarafan and all the types of soukman , saya and aprons fasten at the waist are said to be directly descended from the ancient Slavs only with negligible mutation.

The male dress is of likewise origin, usually Riza "robe", poyas "belt", poturi "full-bottomed breeches" typical for the Slavs and often a tsarvul and kalpak for shoes and jacket.

Among the most similar relatives of the latter for example is Ukrainian hutsul, but the kalpak is attributed to Ottoman influence.

The male skirt fustanella appears on the dress only of the Macedonian Bulgarians and is of indigenous Balkan origin or influence.

In some dress of Thrace the symbol of the snake as in medieval tombs is found and is considered a Thracian cultural legacy and belief.

Folk songs are most often about the nymphs from Bulgarian and West Slavic mythology samovili and the epic heroes yunaks.

Kaval is common in the Balkans and Turkey and is akin to Arab Kawala , as well as Tapan, Goblet Drum, Zurna. The most spread dance is a circle dance called horo and khorovod.

Songs are generally loud. Recent eastern influences from the genre music chalga and turbo-folk even brought a prestige for the masculine voices of females.

Valya Balkanska is a folk singer thanks to whom the Bulgarian speech in her song " Izlel ye Delyo Haydutin " will be played in the Outer space for at least 60, years more as part of the Voyager Golden Record selection of music included in the two Voyager spacecraft launched in As for most European peoples, football became by far the most popular sport for the Bulgarians.

Hristo Stoichkov was one of the best football soccer players in the second half of the 20th century, having played with the national team and FC Barcelona.

He received a number of awards and was the joint top scorer at the World Cup. Dimitar Berbatov , formerly in Manchester United , Tottenham Hotspur , Bayer Leverkusen and others, the national team and two domestic clubs, is still the most popular Bulgarian football player of the 21st century.

In the beginning of the 20th century Bulgaria was famous for two of the best wrestlers in the world — Dan Kolov and Nikola Petroff.

Stefka Kostadinova is the best female high jumper , still holding the world record from , one of the oldest unbroken world records for all kind of athletics.

Ivet Lalova along with Irina Privalova is currently the fastest white woman at metres. Kaloyan Mahlyanov has been the first European sumo wrestler to win the Emperor's Cup in Japan.

Veselin Topalov won the World Chess Championship. He was ranked No. He regained the world No. The national symbols of the Bulgarians are the Flag , the Coat of Arms , the National anthem and the National Guard , as well other unofficial symbols such as the Samara flag.

The national flag of Bulgaria is a rectangle with three colours: white, green, and red, positioned horizontally top to bottom.

The colour fields are of same form and equal size. It is generally known that the white represents — the sky, the green — the forest and nature and the red — the blood of the people, referencing the strong bond of the nation through all the wars and revolutions that have shaken the country in the past.

The Coat of Arms of Bulgaria is a state symbol of the sovereignty and independence of the Bulgarian people and state. It represents a crowned rampant golden lion on a dark red background with the shape of a shield.

Above the shield there is a crown modeled after the crowns of the emperors of the Second Bulgarian Empire , with five crosses and an additional cross on top.

Two crowned rampant golden lions hold the shield from both sides, facing it. They stand upon two crossed oak branches with acorns, which symbolize the power and the longevity of the Bulgarian state.

Under the shield, there is a white band lined with the three national colours. The band is placed across the ends of the branches and the phrase "Unity Makes Strength" is inscribed on it.

Both the Bulgarian flag and the Coat of Arms are also used as symbols of various Bulgarian organisations, political parties and institutions. The horse of the Madara Rider is preserved on the back of the Bulgarian stotinka.

Map of A. Scobel, Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas , Ethnic groups in the Balkans and Asia Minor by William R. Shepherd , Swiss ethnographic map of Europe published in by Juozas Gabrys.

Percentage of Pomaks by first language according to the Census excluding Bulgarian. Distribution of Bulgarians in Odessa Oblast , Ukraine according to the census.

Distribution of Bulgarians by first language in Zaporizhia Oblast , Ukraine according to the census. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Slavic ethnic group living in the Balkans. This article is about the modern people. For the early medieval people, see Bulgars.

For other uses, see Bulgarians disambiguation. See also: Bulgars. Main article: Genetic studies on Bulgarians. See also: Nationalism in the Middle Ages , Byzantine commonwealth , and Rum Millet.

See also: Bulgarian Millet. Main article: Demographics of Bulgaria. Main article: Bulgarian language.

Main article: Cyrillic alphabet. Main article: Bulgarian name. Main articles: Orthodox Church and Bulgarian Orthodox Church.

Main articles: Cinema of Bulgaria , Bulgarian literature , Music of Bulgaria , and Bulgarian dances. Assen Jordanoff left , Bulgarian American inventor considered by prominent aviation specialists the main contributor to the American knowledge of aviation, likewise the Boeing , airbag and tape recorder.

Main article: Bulgarian cuisine. Main articles: Bulgarian customs and Slavic mythology. Main article: Sport in Bulgaria.

Hristo Stoichkov , awarded the Golden Ball and regarded as one of the best footballers by Barcelona.

Veselin Topalov , the 21st World Chess Champion. Distribution of predominant ethnic groups in Bulgaria according to the census.

Distribution of Bulgarians in Romania according to the census. Distribution of Bulgarians in Moldova according to the census.

Bulgaria portal. Native Bulgarian people's of the World. Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia. On the Margins of Nations.

Retrieved 28 April Bulgarian Parliament in Bulgarian. Retrieved 21 October Retrieved 20 December Migration from and towards Bulgaria — Retrieved 22 November Archived from the original on 14 February Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia.

Archived from the original on 11 October International Organization for Migration. Retrieved 29 April Statistics Canada.

Retrieved 11 February OECD iLibrary. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 December Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 16 April Archived from the original PDF on 17 April Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 8 February


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